Modern behavior analysts identify punishment as any event that stops behavior. A baby starts to put a hairpin into the electric socket. His mother grabs him and/or slaps his hand away from the socket: this life-threatening behavior has to be interrupted now. The behavior stops. Lots of other things may start—the baby cries, the mother feels bad, and so on—but the hairpin-in-electric-outlet behavior ceases, at least for that moment. That’s what punishment does.
B. F. Skinner was more precise. He defined punishment as what happens when a behavior results in the loss of something desirable—the pleasure of investigating if this object can fit into that hole, a popular pastime with babies—or when the behavior results in the delivery of something undesirable. However, in both cases, while the ongoing behavior stops, there is no predictable outcome in the future. We know that reinforcers strengthen behavior in the future, but a punisher will not result in predictable changes.
For example, will grabbing the baby or smacking his hand, even if his mother’s timing is perfect, guarantee that the baby won’t try sticking things into outlets again? I doubt it. Ask any parent. What really happens is that we pick up small objects, we put covers over the wall outlets, or we move furniture in front of them, and eventually the baby outgrows this particular urge."
6 Breeds Originating from America
Kamal Fernadez and Vombrittania Anza “Thriller” - Kamal teaches obedience using clicker training and P+. Thriller is working “C” level competitive obedience, and is qualified for Ticket/Champ in 2014.
Please note: The high head position is popular and judge-rewarded in UK obedience. Providing the dog is fit, well-conditioned, and body aware, and training is done appropriately, it doesn’t cause physical issues. Likewise, in UK obedience, the heelwork should be tight to the leg and the hand position of the handler is not penalised.